China the world's fourth biggest out-migration country
China has become the world fourth biggest out-migration country after India, Mexico, and Russia, according to the recently released 2018 World Migration Report by the International Organization for Migration and the Center for China and Globalization.
More than 100 students from China and the United States gather on February 2, 2018 in New York City's Brooklyn Borough Hall, presenting their understanding of the two countries' cultures ahead of the Lunar New Year. [Photo: Xinhua]
By 2015, nearly 10 million Chinese had moved out of China, with more than two million choosing to live in the United States. Overseas students account for the bulk of the migrants, with most of them choosing to study in the United States, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand. Many of them take up residence in the country after graduation.
Because of the large community of Chinese people living overseas, China received a significant inflow of remittances, said the report. China received 60 billion U.S. dollars in remittances in 2016, three times more than the sum that flowed into the country in 2015.
Internal migration is also common in China. A large number of laborers migrate from the less-developed middle and western regions to the eastern coastal provinces in search of greater job opportunities, better education, and higher income.
By 2015, 244 million people worldwide had migrated to other countries, and internal migration had reached 740 million. The proportion of migrants overall remains stable, accounting for 3.3 percent of the global population in 2015.
Since the year 2000, the International Organization for Migration has been producing migration reports to contribute to an increased understanding of migration throughout the world.