Beijing horticultural expo goes green
Despite the biting cold in Beijing, workers are busy planting exotic trees in Yanqing District in preparation for the International Horticultural Exhibition 2019 Beijing China, which will open in 100 days.
More than 110 countries and international organizations, as well as over 120 non-official exhibitors, have confirmed participation, making it the highest attendance in the global event's history.
Open from April 29 to Oct. 7, the 162-day expo will exhibit the latest achievements in floriculture, and fruit and vegetable farming at the foot of the Great Wall in Yanqing.
This is the second time for China to hold such a high-level horticulture expo. Southwestern Chinese city Kunming held the expo in 1999.
In a 20-meter-high greenhouse that covers 3,000 square meters, rare plants like red sandalwood and ficus varietgata are flourishing in their new home.
The Plant Pavilion, one of the four major pavilions, will house up to 1,000 plant species, including over 100 rare species, said Fu Zhongren, technical manager of the pavilion.
"The Plant Pavilion will demonstrate an amazing 'kingdom of botany' to visitors," said Fu.
The theme of this expo is "live green, live better," which has been embodied in the design of the expo gardens and pavilions.
An artist's impression of the Chinese Pavilion of the International Horticultural Exhibition 2019 Beijing China [File photo: Beijing Expo 2019]
The Chinese Pavilion, which will display the history of Chinese gardening and horticulture, is designed as an earth-sheltered structure. With most of its exhibition halls embedded in man-made terrace fields, both heat and humidity inside will be better preserved, said Jing Quan, with the China Architecture Design and Research Group.
The rainwater collection system on the roof and a storage pond underground will be used for terrace field irrigation, Jing said, adding that more than 1,000 photovoltaic glass panels have also been installed on the steel roof to utilize solar energy.
"Taking advantage of the natural conditions to save energy, the design of the Chinese Pavilion incorporates traditional Chinese architectural concepts and Chinese wisdom," Jing said.
During the planning and building of the expo site, the existing 50,000 trees were preserved and became the premise of the design. Meanwhile, over 100,000 trees and shrubs were planted to improve the conditions of wetlands, purify water and provide habitats for migratory birds.
To protect the 15-meter-tall willows lining the road to the Horticultural Life Experience Pavilion, designers adjusted foundation heights of the nearby architectures to better suit the tall trees.
"Despite the costs, we have managed to protect the trees. That is what matters, as ecology comes first," said Zheng Shiwei, chief designer of the pavilion.
Construction waste, such as stones and slush, has also been turned into walls, roads and a 25-meter-tall hill, on which visitors will be able to overlook the entire expo area.
Next to the expo stands Guihe River Forest Park with more than 100 kinds of plants, birds, and insects. A buffer zone separates the expo and the park so these species will not be disturbed.
"Visitors may see abundant wildlife here, including swans, during their visit," said Cheng Guanhua, with the Beijing International Horticultural Exhibition Coordination Bureau.
Zhou Jianping, executive deputy director-general of the bureau, said the ecology-prioritized principle has not only been stressed for the planning, design, and construction of the expo, but will also be emphasized for its future operation and utilization, such as using electric vehicles in the expo area.
Tim Briercliffe, secretary general of the International Association of Horticultural Producers, said the Beijing expo would attract participation from countries all over the world who would be able to promote their own ideas on how living green means living better.
"We have a very real expectation that in 2019 Beijing will become recognized as the international center for the use of living green in cities," he said.