19th CPC National Congress opens in Beijing

Updated: 2017-10-18 12:33:27
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To lead a large socialist country of more than 1.3 billion people, the CPC must be both politically strong and highly competent. It should be good at learning; be good at exercising political leadership; be good reformers and pioneers; be good at promoting sound development; be good at exercising law-based governance, be good at engaging with the people; be good at implementing policy; and be good at managing risks.

The CPC should have strategic perspectives, develop creative thinking and a dialectical approach to thinking; it should think in terms of the rule of law, and think about worst-case scenarios. It should formulate sound Party lines, principles, and policies and resolutely implement them, ensuring that the Party exercises overall leadership and coordinates work in all areas, concludes Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee.


The report points out that China will deepen reform of the national supervision system and establish supervisory commissions at the national, provincial, city, and county levels. This will ensure that supervision covers everyone in the public sector who exercises public power. 

China will strengthen top-down organizational oversight, improve bottom-up democratic oversight, practice peer oversight, and tighten regular supervision over Party members in positions of leadership. It will intensify political inspection to identify problems and ensure that deterrence works. 


Xi Jinping says in the report that the people resent corruption most; and corruption is the greatest threat the Party faces. China will continue to see that there are no no-go zones, no ground is left unturned, and no tolerance is shown for corruption. China will impose tight constraints, maintain a tough stance and a long-term deterrence, punish both those who take bribes and those who offer them, and prevent interest groups from arising within the Party. 

China will institute a system of disciplinary inspection for city and county level Party committees in an intensified effort to address corruption that occurs on the people’s doorsteps. Wherever offenders may flee, they will be brought back and brought to justice. China will work for the adoption of national anti-corruption legislation and create a corruption reporting platform that covers both disciplinary inspection commissions and supervision agencies.


Xi Jinping reiterates that China remains firm in pursuing an independent foreign policy of peace. It respects the right of the people of all countries to choose their own development path. China endeavors to uphold international fairness and justice, and opposes acts that impose one’s will on others or interfere in the internal affairs of others as well as the practice of the strong bullying the weak. 

China will never pursue development at the expense of others’ interests, but nor will China ever give up its legitimate rights and interests. No one should expect China to swallow anything that undermines its interests. China pursues a national defense policy that is in nature defensive. China’s development does not pose a threat to any other country. No matter what stage of development it reaches, China will never seek hegemony or engage in expansion.


Xi Jinping says the one-China principle is the political foundation of cross-Straits relations. The 1992 Consensus embodies the one-China principle and defines the fundamental nature of cross-Straits relations. Recognize the historical fact of the 1992 Consensus and that the two sides both belong to one China, and then the two sides can conduct dialogue to address through discussion the concerns of the people of both sides, and no political party or group in Taiwan will have any difficulty conducting exchanges with the Chinese mainland.

Xi Jinping emphasizes that any separatist activity is certain to meet with the resolute opposition of Chinese people. China has the resolve, the confidence, and the ability to defeat separatist attempts for “Taiwan independence” in any form. It will never allow anyone, any organization, or any political party, at any time or in any form, to separate any part of Chinese territory from China.


Xi Jinping emphasizes in the report that the policy of “one country, two systems” has proved to be the best solution to the questions of Hong Kong and Macao, left by history, and the best institutional guarantee for the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macao after their return.

The Chinese mainland will continue to support the governments and chief executives of both regions in pursuing the following endeavors: exercising law-based governance, uniting and leading the people of all sectors in an active and concerted effort to promote development and harmony, ensuring and improving people’s wellbeing, taking well-ordered steps to advance democracy, maintaining law and order, as well as fulfilling the constitutional responsibility of safeguarding China’s sovereignty, security and development interests. 

The Chinese mainland will continue to support Hong Kong and Macao in integrating their own development into the overall development of the country. It will give priority to the development of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, cooperation between Guangdong, Hong Kong, and Macao, and regional cooperation in the pan-Pearl River Delta, thus fully advancing mutually beneficial cooperation between the mainland and the two regions. 


The report notes that China will adapt to the trend of a new global military revolution and to national security needs and see that, by the year 2020, mechanization is basically achieved, IT application has come a long way, and strategic capabilities have seen a big improvement. In step with its modernization process, China will modernize the military across the board in terms of theory, organizational structure, service personnel, and weaponry. 

China will make it its mission to see that by 2035, the modernization of its national defense and its forces is basically completed; and that by the mid-21st century, the people’s armed forces have been fully transformed into world-class forces.

China will establish an administration for veterans; it will protect the legitimate rights and interests of military personnel and their families. China will carry out further reforms to build a modernized armed police force.


Xi Jinping says in the report that China will step up efforts to establish a legal and policy framework that promotes green production and consumption, and promote a sound economic structure that facilitates green, low-carbon, and circular development; China will enforce stricter pollutants discharge standards and get actively involved in global environmental governance and fulfill our commitments on emissions reduction.

China will carry out major projects to protect and restore key ecosystems, will establish regulatory agencies to manage state-owned natural resource assets and monitor natural ecosystems, and will establish systems for developing and protecting territorial space, and develop a nature reserves system composed mainly of national parks. 

The report predicts that China's environment will be fundamental improved and the goal of building a Beautiful China will be basically attained in 2035. 


The report points out that China will establish distinctive Chinese systems for providing basic healthcare, medical insurance, and quality and efficient healthcare services, and develop a sound modern hospital management system. China will put an end to the practices of hospitals funding their operations with profits from overpriced drugs, and improve the system for medicine supply. China will prevent and control major diseases, and initiate a food safety strategy to ensure that people have peace of mind about what they’re putting on their plates.

China will support both traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine, and ensure the preservation and development of traditional Chinese medicine.

The country will work to ensure that its childbirth policy meshes with related economic and social policies. China will provide integrated elderly care and medical services, and accelerate the development of old-age programs and industries, according to the report. 


The report says that China should mobilize the energies of the whole Party, the whole country, the whole society, and continue to implement targeted poverty reduction and alleviation measures. 

China must ensure that by the year 2020, all rural residents living below the current poverty line will have been out of poverty, and poverty is eliminated in all poor counties and regions. 


Xi Jinping says China will expand the size of the middle-income group, increase income for people on low incomes, adjust excessive incomes, and prohibit illicit income. China will work to see that individual incomes grow in step with economic development, and pay rises in tandem with increases in labor productivity.

The country will improve the systems for social assistance, social welfare, charity, and entitled groups’ benefits and services. China must not forget that housing is for living in, not for speculation. China will move faster to put in place a housing system that ensures supply through multiple sources, provides housing support through multiple channels, and encourages both housing purchase and renting. This will make the people better placed to meet the housing needs of all Chinese people. 

Xi Jinping says in the report that strengthening education is fundamental to China’s pursuit of national rejuvenation. China must give priority to education, promote the coordinated development of compulsory education in urban and rural areas, while giving particular attention to rural areas. China will improve preschool education, special needs education, and online education, make senior secondary education universally available, and strive to see that each and every child has fair access to good education. 

The report notes that China will improve modern systems for cultural industries and markets, explore new mechanisms for cultural production and operation, improve economic policy on the development of the cultural sector, and develop new forms of business in this sector. China will carry out extensive Fitness-for-All programs, speed up efforts to build China into a country strong on sports, and make smooth preparations for the 2022 Beijing Winter Olympic Games and Paralympic Games. 

In the meantime, China will strengthen people-to-people and cultural exchanges with other countries, giving prominence to Chinese culture while also drawing on other cultures. China will improve its capacity for engaging in international communication so as to tell China’s stories well, present a true, multi-dimensional, and panoramic view of China, and enhance China’s cultural soft power.


The report says a central leading group for advancing law-based governance in all areas will be set up to exercise unified leadership over the initiative to build rule of law in China. The country will redouble efforts to raise public awareness of the law, develop a socialist culture of rule of law, and increase public awareness of the principle underlying rule of law that the Constitution and the law are above everything else and that everyone is equal before the law. 

Every Party organization and every Party member must take the lead in respecting, learning about, observing, and applying the law. No organization or individual has the power to overstep the Constitution or the law; and no one in a position of power is allowed in any way to override the law with his own orders, place his authority above the law, violate the law for personal gain or abuse the law, says the report.


Xi Jinping points out that China should pursue the Belt and Road Initiative as a priority, give equal emphasis to “bringing in” and “going global,” follow the principle of achieving shared growth through discussion and collaboration, and increase openness and cooperation in building innovation capacity. 

Meanwhile, according to the report, China will expand foreign trade, develop new models and new forms of trade, and turn China into a trader of quality; China will adopt policies to promote high-standard liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment; China will implement the system of pre-establishment national treatment plus a negative list across the board, significantly ease market access, further open the service sector, and protect the legitimate rights and interests of foreign investors. All businesses registered in the country will be treated equally.

Xi Jinping notes China will grant more powers to pilot free trade zones to conduct reform, and explore the opening of free trade ports; China will promote international cooperation on production capacity, form globally-oriented networks of trade, investment and financing, production and services.


In the state-owned sector, Xi Jinping says in the report that China will further reform of state-owned enterprises, develop mixed-ownership economic entities, and turn Chinese enterprises into world-class, globally competitive firms.

The report also notes that China will introduce a negative list for market access nationwide, sort through and do away with regulations and practices that impede the development of a unified market and fair competition, support the growth of private businesses, and stimulate the vitality of various market entities. 


According to the 19th National Congress report, China is set to pursue a rural vitalization strategy, including putting in place sound systems, mechanisms and policies for promoting integrated urban-rural development, speeding up the modernization of agriculture and rural areas, consolidating and improving the basic rural operation system and advancing reform of the rural land system.

The report also urges the country to ensure its food security so that Chinese people always have control over their own food supply. 


Xi Jinping points out in the report that the period between now and 2020 will be decisive in finishing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects. 

From 2020 to 2035, China will build on the foundation created by the moderately prosperous society to basically realize socialist modernization, and will meet the following goals: the economic and technological strength will be increased significantly; the rule of law for the country, the government, and society will be basically in place; people will lead more comfortable lives, and the size of the middle-income group will be grown considerably; disparities in urban-rural development, in development between regions, and in living standards will significantly be reduced; the environment will be fundamental improved and the goal of building a Beautiful China will be basically attained. 

Meanwhile, from 2035 to the middle of the 21st century, China will develop into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful. By the end of this stage, the modernization of China’s system and capacity for governance will be achieved and become a global leader in terms of composite national strength and international influence. Common prosperity for everyone will also be basically achieved.


The CPC has formed a thought on socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era since the 18th National Congress. The thought has adopted an entirely new perspective to deepen its understanding of the laws that underlie governance by the Communist Party, the development of socialism, and the evolution of human society.

The Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era also makes it clear that on the basis of finishing the building of a moderately prosperous society in all respects in 2020, China will be built into a great modern socialist country that is prosperous, strong, democratic, culturally advanced, harmonious, and beautiful by the middle of the century.


As socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a new era, the principal contradiction facing Chinese society has evolved. What the Chinese people now face is the contradiction between unbalanced and inadequate development and the people’s ever-growing needs for a better life, notes Xi Jinping.

Meanwhile, it must be recognized that the evolution of the principal contradiction facing Chinese society does not change the assessment of the present stage of socialism in China. The basic dimension of the Chinese context - that the country is still and will long remain in the primary stage of socialism - has not changed. China’s international status as the world’s largest developing country has not changed. 


Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, declares that with decades of hard work, socialism with Chinese characteristics has crossed the threshold into a new era. This is a new historic juncture in China’s development. This means that the Chinese nation, which since modern times began had endured so much for so long, has achieved a tremendous transformation - it has stood up, grown rich, and become strong. It blazes a new trail for other developing countries to achieve modernization and offers a new option for other countries and nations who want to speed up their development while preserving their independence. It also offers Chinese wisdom and a Chinese approach to solving the problems facing mankind.


Xi Jinping notes the CPC has made sweeping efforts to strengthen Party leadership and Party building, and taken strong action to transform lax and weak governance over the Party. The CPC has tightened political discipline and rules to ensure that political responsibility for governance over the Party is fulfilled at each level of the Party organization.

The Party has regularized and institutionalized the requirement for all Party members to have a solid understanding of the Party Constitution, Party regulations, and related major policy addresses and to meet Party standards. The CPC has taken firm action to “take out tigers,” “swat flies,” and “hunt down foxes.” The goal of creating a deterrent against corruption has been initially attained. The anti-corruption campaign has built into a crushing tide, is being consolidated, and continues to develop.


Xi Jinping says during the past five years, the country has made all-round efforts in the pursuit of major country diplomacy with Chinese characteristics, thus advancing China’s diplomatic agenda in a comprehensive, multilevel, multifaceted way. The country has jointly pursued the Belt and Road Initiative, initiated the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank, set up the Silk Road Fund, and hosted the First Belt and Road Forum for International Cooperation, the 22nd APEC Economic Leaders’ Meeting, the G20 2016 Summit in Hangzhou, the BRICS Summit in Xiamen, and so on. 

China champions the development of a community with a shared future for mankind, and has encouraged the evolution of the global governance system. With this, the CPC has seen a further rise in China’s international influence, ability to inspire, and power to shape; and China has made great new contributions to global peace and development.

Xi Jinping points out that the CPC has acted on the vision of making people-centered development. Meanwhile, decisive progress has been made in the fight against poverty: more than 60 million people have been lifted out of poverty, and the poverty headcount ratio has dropped from 10.2 percent to less than 4 percent. 

Xi Jinping notes that China has been confronted with sluggish global economic recovery and intensifying global issues during the past five years. The CPC has upheld the underlying principle of pursuing progress while ensuring stability, risen to challenges, pioneered and pushed ahead, and made historic achievements in reform, opening up, and socialist modernization.

With the gross domestic product (GDP) rising from 54 trillion to 80 trillion yuan, China has maintained its position as the world’s second largest economy and contributed more than 30 percent of global economic growth. Supply-side structural reform has made further headway, bringing a steady improvement in the economic structure. 

Through devoting great energy to implementing the innovation-driven development strategy, the CPC has seen much accomplished toward making China a country of innovators, with major advances made in science and technology, including the successful launch of Tiangong-2 space lab, the commissioning of the deep-sea manned submersible Jiaolong and of the 500-meter aperture spherical telescope (FAST) Tianyan, the launch of the dark matter probe satellite Wukong and the quantum science satellite Mozi, and the test flight of the airliner C919. Construction on islands and reefs in the South China Sea has also seen steady progress. China now leads the world in trade, outbound investment, and foreign exchange reserves, says Xi Jinping.


Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee,delivers a report to the 19th CPC National Congress on behalf of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.

The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China (CPC) commences in Beijing on Wednesday, October 18, 2017. 

The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China is set to open at 9 am at the Great Hall of the People.

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