Good Manners 礼貌 (1)
Key words of the day
Gentleman 绅士 Lady 淑女 Ladies first, 女士优先 After you. 您先请。He has good manners. 他很有礼貌。 All in today’s Chinese Studio.
B: Yajie, in a civilized society, what do you think, everyone should try to behave like a gentleman or a lady.
Y: I totally agree.
B: What’s the Chinese for gentleman?
Y: it’s shen1 shi4.
B: shen1 shi4 . Then how do you say lady in Chinese?
Y: it’s shu1 nv3.
B: shu1 nv3.
Y: shu1 means tender, kind and gentle in Chinese.
Y: and nv3 means female.
Y: shu1 nv3.
B: shu1 nv3. lady.
B: We just learned how to say lady in Chinese. Yajie, I wonder how to say “Ladies first.”
Y: it’s nv3 shi4 you1 xian1.
B: nv3 shi4 you1 xian1. But lady is shu1 nv3, right?
Y: Right. nv3 shi4 is another way of calling a lady.
B: I see. what’s that again?
Y: it’s nv3 shi4.
B: nv3 shi4
Y: nv3 means female,
Y: shi4 means person,
Y: nv3 shi4
B: nv3 shi4, lady,
Y: you1 xian1, means have priority or take precedence.
B: you1 xian1.
Y: nv3 shi4 you1 xian1.
B: nv3 shi4 you1 xian1. Ladies first.
Y: Brendan, I know that “After you” is good manners.
B: Right. it’s very popular in daily life. How do I say it in Chinese?
Y: You can say “nin2 xian1 qing3.”
B: nin2 xian1 qing3
Y: nin2 is the polite form of ni3, which means you,
Y: xian1 here it means start off before the others,
Y: qing3 means please,
Y: nin2 xian1 qing3
B: nin2 xian1 qing3 After you.
Y: Wow, ta1 hen2 you3 li3 mao4.
B: Yajie, you have to explain that to me…
Y: Sorry. I just met a boy, and he has good manners. ta1 hen2 you3 li3 mao4.
B: ta1 hen2 you3 li3 mao4.
Y: ta1 means he,
Y: hen2 means very much,
Y: you3 means have,
Y: li3 mao4 means good manners.
B: li3 mao4.
Y: ta1 hen2 you3 li3 mao4.
B: ta1 hen2 you3 li3 mao4. He has good manners.