Appeasers cannot escape falling victim to a trade war

China Plus Published: 2018-07-09 23:31:10
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Note: The following is an edited translation of a commentary on the U.S.-initiated trade dispute from the Chinese-language "Commentaries on International Affairs (国际锐评)."

Since the beginning of July, several countries have taken retaliatory measures against the trade war ignited by the Trump administration. After Canada imposed additional tariffs on U.S. products worth about 12.6 billion U.S. dollars, Mexico launched a second round of countermeasures levying additional duties on U.S. products worth 3 billion dollars. On July 6th, China was forced to announce the implementation of retaliatory tariffs on U.S. goods worth 34 billion dollars. On the same day, Russia also introduced additional import tariffs on a range of U.S. goods.

[File photo: IC]

[File photo: IC]

It’s anticipated more countries will become embroiled in this trade war that impacts on all parties’ interests in the global industrial chain. 

Against this background, those who want to appease the Trump administration should be aware that one day their actions may come back to bite them. 

First of all – Remember who started this;

On July 6th, the U.S. reported an additional 213,000 jobs for June, with the manufacturing sector seeing a rise in line with the general increase. President Donald Trump reportedly said country after country had called him in the hope of reaching a consensus with the U.S., seeking a solution to the trade dispute. Some believed the U.S. was coming out the winner in the trade war. But is that really the case?

According to reports in the New York Times on the same day, soybean future prices in the U.S. have fallen 15 percent since May 25th, and American farmers were considering spending less on equipment and materials in the face of lower incomes due to the stiff tax on soybean imports, a bearishness that could eventually trickle through to the broader economy. The report quoted John Heisdorffer, the president of the American Soybean Association, as saying “My son, who farms with me, is going to spend the rest of his lifetime trying to get that back, and that scares the hell out of me.”

As the trade war bites, it’s easy to forget why it was ignited, as well as who the “arch criminal” responsible for igniting it was. In the internet age, “short” seems to be the order of the day.  Information is short; videos short in length, but so too people’s memories and sight are short. The trade war was ignited by the U.S., and retaliatory measures against U.S. tariffs, regardless of whether they came from Canada, Mexico or China, are all proportionate in scale and intensity. It should not be forgotten who started this trade war. It’s up to Donald Trump to take the first step towards peace.

Secondly – There can be no bystanders;

Figures show that up till July 8th, countries have levied total retaliatory tariffs on U.S. goods worth 75 billion dollars, with China imposing duties on goods worth 34 billion dollars, giving the impression that this is a conflict between two countries. However, a report from Syracuse University in the United States suggests that 87 percent of the computers and electronic products subject to U.S. tariffs are produced by multinationals operating in China, while only 13 percent are produced by solely Chinese firms. The Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco pointed out as far back as 2011 that for every “made in China” product sold at one dollar, 55 percent of the money is earned by U.S. service providers. That was seven years ago, when economic globalization was not as thriving as it is today.

Therefore, there can be no “bystanders” in this trade war. All parties have a role to play. No one can simply walk on by. It’s up to everyone to take up the challenge. Even Japan, which has so far kept silent, has apparently come to the same conclusion. According to a commentary released by the Nikkei Asian Review on July 7th, the trade war ignited in 1930 by the then U.S. President Herbert Hoover should serve as a warning. Against the judgement of over 1000 economists, Hoover raised duties on foreign goods to protect American industry, only inviting reprisals from European countries. The commentary warned that the resulting trade war was considered a reason why the U.S. stock market crash of 1929 evolved into the Great Depression, and called on advanced economies to continue to try to convince Trump of the importance of free trade with one voice. It also called on Japanese and European corporations to work with their U.S. counterparts to lobby against the Trump administration’s protectionist policies.

Third – Never be a backstabber;

Jointly meeting the press with Austrian Foreign Minister Karin Kneissl on July 5th, Chinese State Councilor and Foreign minister Wang Yi said China’s resistance to trade protectionism is not only to safeguard its own legitimate interests, but also to protect the common interests of all countries in the world, including those in the European Union. China now stands in the vanguard of opposition to unilateralism and trade protectionism, and trust no one will stab it in the back. 

One of the main characters of economic globalization is the precise, highly-integrated international division of labor in the industrial and value chain. All countries and regions are linked with each other, and share both wealth and woes. The trade war ignited by the Trump administration does not only restrain China’s development, but also declares a war against economic globalization. It seemingly affects one side, but actually damages all parties’ interests in the industrial and value chain. Take Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, one of the three major car makers in the U.S., as an example. The company has 23 factories across the U.S., employing over 56,000 people. It’s a good instance of economic globalization: Fiat from Italy purchased the holding company set up by the U.S firm Chrysler, and then registered it in the Netherlands. Its headquarters are in the UK. The company also trades stocks in New York and Milan, and has established factories in Italy, China and Brazil. U.S. media reports say that if the Trump administration implemented tariffs on vehicles as planned, Fiat Chrysler Automobiles will see its annual profits drop by 860 million dollars.

Under globalization, if one side ignites a trade war, the other parties should come together to shoulder jointly their obligations and responsibilities, to share their benefits, and work together to lower the negative effects on the world economic recovery and development, brought by unilateralism and trade protectionism. 

As this is a “war,” someone must inevitably charge the enemy line. China, as a responsible major country, is standing at the forefront, and trusts no one will stab it in the back. Those doing the stabbing, should realize they might also find themselves the victim of this U.S.-launched trade war.

As for the ordinary people, this trade war touches everyone, and nobody can avoid it. 

No wonder then that Canadian television host Steve Paikin wrote on his blog “America, you just don’t deserve our money,” announcing that for the first time in many years, his family will not do an American baseball road trip, “unless you change your minds about Canada.”

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LU Xiankun Professor LU Xiankun is Managing Director of LEDECO Geneva and Associate Partner of IDEAS Centre Geneva. He is Emeritus Professor of China Institute for WTO Studies of the University of International Business and Economics (UIBE) and Wuhan University (WHU) of China and visiting professor or senior research fellow of some other universities and think tanks in China and Europe. He also sits in management of some international business associations and companies, including as Senior Vice President of Shenzhen UEB Technology LTD., a leading e-commerce company of China. Previously, Mr. LU was senior official of Chinese Ministry of Commerce and senior diplomat posted in Europe, including in Geneva as Counsellor and Head of Division of the Permanent Mission of China to the WTO and in Brussels as Commercial Secretary of the Permanent Mission of China to the EU. Benjamin Cavender Benjamin Cavender is a Shanghai based consultant with more than 11 years of experience helping companies understand consumer behavior and develop go to market strategies for China. He is a frequent speaker on economic and consumer trends in China and is often featured on CNBC, Bloomberg, and Channel News Asia. Sara Hsu Sara Hsu is an associate professor from the State University of New York at New Paltz. She is a regular commentator on Chinese economy. Xu Qinduo Xu Qinduo is CRI's former chief correspondent to Washington DC, the United States. He works as the producer, host and commentator for TODAY, a flagship talk show on current affairs. Mr. Xu contributes regularly to English-language newspapers including Shenzhen Daily and Global Times as well as Chinese-language radio and TV services. Lin Shaowen A radio person, Mr. Lin Shaowen is strongly interested in international relations and Chinese politics. As China is quite often misunderstood in the rest of the world, he feels the need to better present the true picture of the country, the policies and meanings. So he talks a lot and is often seen debating. Then friends find a critical Lin Shaowen criticizing and criticized. George N. Tzogopoulos Dr George N. Tzogopoulos is an expert in media and politics/international relations as well as Chinese affairs. He is Senior Research Fellow at the Centre International de Européenne (CIFE) and Visiting Lecturer at the European Institute affiliated with it and is teaching international relations at the Department of Law of the Democritus University of Thrace. George is the author of two books: US Foreign Policy in the European Media: Framing the Rise and Fall of Neoconservatism (IB TAURIS) and The Greek Crisis in the Media: Stereotyping in the International Press (Ashgate) as well as the founder of, an institutional partner of CRI Greek. David Morris David Morris is the Pacific Islands Trade and Investment Commissioner in China, a former Australian diplomat and senior political adviser. Harvey Dzodin After a distinguished career in the US government and American media Dr. Harvey Dzodin is now a Beijing-based freelance columnist for several media outlets. While living in Beijing, he has published over 200 columns with an emphasis on arts, culture and the Belt & Road initiative. He is also a sought-after speaker and advisor in China and abroad. He currently serves as Nonresident Research Fellow of the think tank Center for China and Globalization and Senior Advisor of Tsinghua University National Image Research Center specializing in city branding. Dr. Dzodin was a political appointee of President Jimmy Carter and served as lawyer to a presidential commission. Upon the nomination of the White House and the US State Department he served at the United Nations Office in Vienna, Austria. He was Director and Vice President of the ABC Television in New York for more than two decades.