China's poverty alleviation experience offers solutions to the world

China Plus Published: 2019-10-04 17:14:40
Share this with Close
Messenger Messenger Pinterest LinkedIn

Note:The following article is taken from the Chinese-language "Commentaries on International Affairs."

On the eve of the 70th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China, the 90-year-old agricultural scientist Yuan Longping was awarded the Medal of the Republic for his work on producing a hybrid strain of rice that has a much higher yield of grain. The career of the man known as “the father of hybrid rice” is representative of China's poverty alleviation efforts.

A villager harvests tea in Shouning County of Fujian Province on September 15, 2018. [File photo: IC]

A villager harvests tea in Shouning County of Fujian Province on September 15, 2018. [File photo: IC]

China was one of the world's poorest countries 70 years ago. Through hard work, and especially after the success of Yuan Longping's hybrid rice technology in the 1970s, the Chinese people have firmly held their rice bowls in their hands.

The Communist Party of China has made poverty reduction a major goal of China’s economic and social development. And it has set a precise timetable for this goal: According to the government’s plans, China will eliminate absolute poverty by the end of next year. It is doing this through the use of targeted programs that help impoverished regions to become better at fostering sustainable development by supporting tourism, local businesses, and ecological development.

More than 700 million people around the world are now living below the poverty line. The United Nations, through its Agenda for Sustainable Development 2030, has made the eradication of extreme poverty a top priority. Not only has China met the United Nations poverty reduction goals, it has also offered development assistance to countries across Asia, Africa, and Latin America. It has done so in accordance with its capacity to help and without attaching any political conditions to its aid. In the 70 years since the People's Republic was founded, China has offered over 400 billion yuan in support to more than 170 countries and international organizations, and dispatched some 600,000 people to help with global poverty alleviation efforts.

According to a World Bank study, the Belt and Road Initiative will help to lift 7.6 million people out of extreme poverty and 32 million out of moderate poverty in the participating countries. In 2015, China established the South-South Cooperation Assistance Fund, which as of last year had implemented more than 200 disaster relief and healthcare projects in more than 30 countries. And at the Beijing Summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation in September last year, China pledged to support industrial development and capacity-building in Africa, a move that was praised by leaders across the continent.

Yuan Longping has said that his dream is for “hybrid rice to cover the world,” and for hunger to be a thing of the past for people in some of the world’s poorest countries. His dream is taken as a responsibility of the Chinese government, which will continue to share its experience in poverty reduction with other countries, helping to build a world of shared prosperity.

Related stories

Share this story on


LU Xiankun Professor LU Xiankun is Managing Director of LEDECO Geneva and Associate Partner of IDEAS Centre Geneva. He is Emeritus Professor of China Institute for WTO Studies of the University of International Business and Economics (UIBE) and Wuhan University (WHU) of China and visiting professor or senior research fellow of some other universities and think tanks in China and Europe. He also sits in management of some international business associations and companies, including as Senior Vice President of Shenzhen UEB Technology LTD., a leading e-commerce company of China. Previously, Mr. LU was senior official of Chinese Ministry of Commerce and senior diplomat posted in Europe, including in Geneva as Counsellor and Head of Division of the Permanent Mission of China to the WTO and in Brussels as Commercial Secretary of the Permanent Mission of China to the EU. Benjamin Cavender Benjamin Cavender is a Shanghai based consultant with more than 11 years of experience helping companies understand consumer behavior and develop go to market strategies for China. He is a frequent speaker on economic and consumer trends in China and is often featured on CNBC, Bloomberg, and Channel News Asia. Sara Hsu Sara Hsu is an associate professor from the State University of New York at New Paltz. She is a regular commentator on Chinese economy. Xu Qinduo Xu Qinduo is CRI's former chief correspondent to Washington DC, the United States. He works as the producer, host and commentator for TODAY, a flagship talk show on current affairs. Mr. Xu contributes regularly to English-language newspapers including Shenzhen Daily and Global Times as well as Chinese-language radio and TV services. Lin Shaowen A radio person, Mr. Lin Shaowen is strongly interested in international relations and Chinese politics. As China is quite often misunderstood in the rest of the world, he feels the need to better present the true picture of the country, the policies and meanings. So he talks a lot and is often seen debating. Then friends find a critical Lin Shaowen criticizing and criticized. George N. Tzogopoulos Dr George N. Tzogopoulos is an expert in media and politics/international relations as well as Chinese affairs. He is Senior Research Fellow at the Centre International de Européenne (CIFE) and Visiting Lecturer at the European Institute affiliated with it and is teaching international relations at the Department of Law of the Democritus University of Thrace. George is the author of two books: US Foreign Policy in the European Media: Framing the Rise and Fall of Neoconservatism (IB TAURIS) and The Greek Crisis in the Media: Stereotyping in the International Press (Ashgate) as well as the founder of, an institutional partner of CRI Greek. David Morris David Morris is the Pacific Islands Trade and Investment Commissioner in China, a former Australian diplomat and senior political adviser. Harvey Dzodin After a distinguished career in the US government and American media Dr. Harvey Dzodin is now a Beijing-based freelance columnist for several media outlets. While living in Beijing, he has published over 200 columns with an emphasis on arts, culture and the Belt & Road initiative. He is also a sought-after speaker and advisor in China and abroad. He currently serves as Nonresident Research Fellow of the think tank Center for China and Globalization and Senior Advisor of Tsinghua University National Image Research Center specializing in city branding. Dr. Dzodin was a political appointee of President Jimmy Carter and served as lawyer to a presidential commission. Upon the nomination of the White House and the US State Department he served at the United Nations Office in Vienna, Austria. He was Director and Vice President of the ABC Television in New York for more than two decades.